Anesthesiologists focus on caring for surgical patients, and on relieving pain. They evaluate and treat patients, and they direct the efforts of the workers on their staffs. They confer with medical uniforms and other physicians in La Rose scrubs about appropriate procedures and treatments before, during, and after the operations. Anesthesiologists are responsible for maintaining the patients’ vital life functions through continual monitoring during surgery: heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and breathing.
Internists diagnose and provide treatment for injuries and diseases of the internal organs. They provide nonsurgical care for patients with problems of the stomach, digestive tract, liver, and kidneys. Internists use a large variety of diagnostic techniques and treatments with medication or hospitalization. General internists, like general practitioners, are often primary care specialists. General and family practitioners are frequently the first point of contact for patients seeking health care. They diagnose and treat a vast range of conditions, injuries and ailments, from respiratory infections to scrapes and broken bones.
General practitioners are often traditional family doctors who have a patient base of long-term, regular patients. Patients who have more serious conditions are referred by general practitioners to specialists. Pediatricians provide care for children from birth to adolescence, and specialize in diagnosing and treating a variety of ailments which are specific to young people. Most of their work involves treating the infectious diseases and minor injuries which are common to children. They track their patients’ growth and development to adulthood. Like other physicians, pediatricians work with different health care workers such as nurses and specialists.
Surgeons specialize in treating disease, injury and deformity through operations. Using different instruments on patients under local or general anesthesia, surgeons invade the patients’ body to perform preventative surgery on patients with diseases; correct physical deformities; or repair bones and tissues after injuries.
Obstetricians and gynecologists specialize in women’s health. They provide general health care for women, but also care related to the reproductive system and pregnancy. They focus on ailments specific to female anatomy, such as cervical and breast cancer, hormonal disorders, and pelvic disorders. Ob / gyns also specialize in treating and counseling pregnant women, giving prenatal diagnoses, delivering babies, and administering post-partum care.
Psychiatrists are mental health caregivers, who assess and treat different types of mental illness through psychotherapy, medication, and hospitalization. Psychotherapy involves discussing their problems with the patients. In many cases medications can be administered to correct the chemical imbalances which may cause emotional problems.
Physicians and surgeons tend to work long and irregular hours in medical uniform. In 2002 almost a third of physicians worked sixty or more hours each week. New physicians usually don’t begin with solo practices, but rather work as salaried employees of hospitals, clinics, health networks, or group medical practices. Although the formal educational and training requirements for becoming a physician are among the most stringent of any occupation, the earnings are among the very highest.